Uganda

Uganda Elections

Uganda General elections were held in on 18 February 2016 to elect the President and Parliament. Presidential candidates included incumbent Yoweri Museveni, Kizza Besigye, who had run against Museveni in 20012006 and 2011, former Prime Minister Amama MbabaziAbed Bwanika, Venansius Baryamureeba, Benon Biraaro, Joseph Mabirizi and Kyalya.

According to the Electoral Commission, Museveni was re-elected with 61% of the vote to Besigye’s 35%. The President of Uganda was elected using the two-round system, with candidates needing to receive at least 50% of the vote to be elected in the first round.

Chapter 142 of the Presidential Elections Act of 2000 of Uganda stipulates that presidential candidates must be a citizen of Uganda by birth, between 35 and 75 years old and be qualified to be an MP. Candidates were also required to be of sound mind and have no formal connection with the Electoral Commission of Uganda. Term limits were abolished in 2005

 

Election Conduct

International observers and other opposition candidates claimed that the elections were marred by widespread fraud, voting irregularities, the repeated arrest of opposition politicians and a climate of voter intimidation. The European Union and United States criticized the election for lack of transparency and detentions of opposition candidates. Overseers from the Commonwealth of Nations were critical of the misuse of state powers in favor of the incumbent.

Claims of rigging and violence at polling stations were reported and voting was extended in several locations after reports of people not being allowed to cast their votes.

The elections were supervised by the Electoral Commission of Uganda, which registered 15,277,198 voters.

Legal Framework

The Electoral Commission is a constitutionally established organ of the Government of Uganda, whose mandate is to “organize and conduct regular, free and fair elections” in the country, in an efficient, professional and impartial manner”

The Electoral Commission was set up under Article 60 of the 1995 Constitution of The Republic of Uganda. It consists of the Chairman, Deputy Chairperson and five other members appointed by the President with the approval of Parliament and a Secretariat headed by the Secretary.

2016 Presidential Election Results

Candidate

Party

Votes

%ge

Yoweri Museveni

National Resistance Movt’

5,971,872

60.62

Kizza Besigye

Forum for Democratic Change

3,508,687

35.61

Amama Mbabazi

Go forward

136,519

1.39

Abed Bwanika

People’s Development Party

89,005

0.90

Venansius Baryamureeba

Independent

52,798

0.54

Faith Kyalya

Independent

42,833

0.43

Benon Biraaro

Uganda Farmers Party

25,600

0.26

Joseph Mabirizi

Independent

24,498

0.25

Invalid/blank votes

477,319

Total

10,329,131

100

Registered voters/turnout

15,277,198

67.61